Type 2 diabetes was previously called adult-onset diabetes because it develops later in life, generally as a result of poor diet choices. Those who manifest the condition frequently are overweight and technically obese.

The condition affects the way your body metabolizes sugar. There are two problems that may cause the condition. One is that your body develops a resistance to insulin and cannot metabolize sugar appropriately.

The other problem occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin to process the amount of sugar in the blood. There is no cure for the disease but it can be effectively managed with diet and drugs. Without treatment, type 2 diabetes can be life threatening. Those with the condition must monitor their blood sugar on a regular basis. Some must do so daily while others are only required to check a couple of times a week.

In some cases, diet alone will keep blood sugar levels in check. Those with diabetes should commit to weight loss since maintaining a healthy weight is the key to diabetic management. It is the single most important step you can take to reduce symptoms and avoid possible drug treatments that can be expensive and unpleasant to administer. If you are required to take medication to manage your diabetes, it is not the end of the world.

There are numerous support groups and patients are advised to take it one day at a time. Some drugs are prescribed to stimulate insulin production in the body.

Metformin is frequently prescribed as an oral medication for those manifesting diabetes symptoms. Exercise, proper nutrition and weight loss are also advised. If these steps do not keep blood levels within an acceptable range, then other medications both oral and injected may be prescribed. Some patients may also be required to inject insulin directly, since the hormone cannot be taken orally. Exercise and weight management are important tools to prevent the onset of the condition. They also may effectively manage the condition after it manifests.

Proper nutrition is the key to any successful diet program for obese patients. Diabetics can eat most normal unprocessed foods including fruits and vegetables. They should avoid sugar and consuming too many animal products. Carbohydrates can convert to glucose in the body and must be carefully monitored as well.

Exercise will help patients burn sugar naturally since it is the first choice for providing the body’s energy needs. Carbohydrates are the next food group to be processed. If you are extremely overweight, you may be a candidate for weight loss surgery. Those with body mass indexes of 35 or greater qualify for bariatric surgery.

Removal of a portion of the small intestine is particularly effective. Patients undergoing the surgery frequently find their blood sugar levels return to normal in 55-95% of cases, depending on which procedure is used.

There are many possible risks, including the chance of death. Surgery is very expensive and you will be required to make drastic changes in your lifestyle after the operation. But for many people, it is an effective way to manage diabetes.

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